Learn about USDA's International Food aid and Agriculture Development Programs
Despite our world's vast resources and wealth, 1.02 billion people across the globe are hungry. Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes--one child every five seconds. However, it does not have to be this way, because the world produces enough food to feed everyone. Total food production in calories per person per day has increased by 25 percent since 1961 and is more than sufficient to feed every person on earth 2800 calories per day. The principal problem is that many people in the world do not have sufficient land to grow, or income to purchase, enough food. The Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) of the USDA is working to solve this problem by providing food aid and resources for agricultural development. Below are listed a few of the programs that USDA administers.
Food for Progress (FFPr) program, authorized by the Food for Progress Act of 1985, provides for the donation or credit sale of U.S. commodities to developing countries and emerging democracies to support democracy and an expansion of private enterprise. To date, all food aid under this program has been by donation.
Food for Peace Act (FPA) was formerly referred to as Public Law 480 or P.L. 480. FPA has three titles, and each title has a specific objective and provides assistance to countries at a particular level of economic development. Title I is administered by USDA, and Titles II and III are administered by USAID. Title I, Trade and Development Assistance, provides for government-to-government sales of U.S. agricultural commodities to developing countries on credit or grant terms.
Section 416(b) program is authorized by the Agricultural Act of 1949, as amended. This program provides for overseas donations of surplus commodities acquired by the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC). Donations may not reduce the amounts of commodities that are traditionally donated to U.S. domestic feeding programs or agencies, and may not disrupt normal commercial sales.
Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust is another resource to ensure that the U.S. government can respond to emergency food aid needs. The Trust is not a food aid program, but a food reserve administered under the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture.
The Cochran Fellowship Program (CFP) provides U.S.-based agricultural training opportunities for senior and mid-level specialists and administrators from public and private sectors who are concerned with agricultural trade, agribusiness development, management, policy, and marketing. Program participation is open to the staff of agribusinesses, government departments, universities, and other agricultural organizations. In their own countries, applicants may be managers, technicians, scientists, professors, administrators, or policy makers.
The Norman E. Borlaug International Agricultural Science and Technology Fellows Program (Borlaug Fellows Program) is a faculty and scientist exchange program with developing countries. The program provides short-term scientific training for international agricultural research scientists and policymakers from selected developing countries. Each Fellow is assigned a mentor who will coordinate the Fellow's training. Training venues include U.S. land grant universities, USDA or other government agencies, private companies, not-for-profit institutions and international agricultural research centers.